According to various scholars, the name of the Kathmandu or the ancient Kantipur was named Kasthamandap during the reign of 17th century King Laxmi Narasimha Malla. But according to the manuscript of 1200 V.S. the word Kasthamandap was mentioned which proves that the name had been used many years before King Laxmi Narasimha Malla. Legend says that the timber used for this two-story pagoda Kasthamandap was obtained from a single tree.
The architectural heritage of Kathmandu all monuments have evolved over centuries of craftsmanship influenced by Hindu and Buddhist religious practices. The architectural treasure has been categorized under the well known seven groups of heritage monuments and buildings. Seven monuments in Kathmandu valley are Kathmandu Durbar square, Patan Durbar Square, and Bhaktapur Durbar square. The other four heritages are Pashupatinath, Changunarayan, Swayambhu, and Boudhanath which are the pilgrimage sites of Hindu and Buddhist.
Kathmandu valley is the center of Nepal’s history, art, culture, and economy. It has a multiethnic population of Hindu and Buddhist majority. But there are many other religious people belonging to Sikh, Muslim, Christians, and many more who are residing in Kathmandu. Religious and cultural festivities are a major part of the lives of people residing in Kathmandu. So, Tourism is an important part of the economy as the city is the gateway to the Nepalese Himalayas.