Nepal General Information

Nepal is a perfect tourist destination for the travelers’ in the world. We have extraordinary bio diversity. Rarely, people can get such bio diversity in the other part of world within the one country. Its geographical position and altitude variation rising from almost sea level in the south to the highest point Mount Everest (8848m) on earth as well as unparallel natural beauty includes sub tropical jungle, rhododendron forest, spectacular river gorge, untouched massive mountains and its cultural diversity. Geographically Nepal has divided into three regions.

Tarai region:

Terai region is flat & fertile in the sense of agriculture as well as for the dense forest. World famous for wildlife activities almost national parks are situated in the Tarai region. Terai Region occupies 17% of the total land in Nepal, altitude ranges from 70 to 305m. A vast array of wildlife including the famous One Horned Rhino and The Royal Bengal Tiger, over 43 species of mammals and over 500 species of birds.

Middle hill region:

The middle hill region covers a further 68% of the total landmass of Nepal and it plays the important role to develop the tourism industry in the country. There are so many optional activities e.g. trekking, white water rafting, hiking, paragliding, bungee jumping, world heritage site, pilgrimage trip, art & historical trip sunrise & sunset tour and home stay tour. People can explore the amazing & panoramic Mountain View from top of every hill.

Himalayan region:

High Himalaya region is heart of Nepal’s tourism industry. This Himalayan region covers 15% land of Nepal and altitude ranges from the snow line at around 4877 meters to 8848 meters. Almost the year covered by snow. Therefore, people cannot use this area as permanent residential area. This region offers mountain adventure activities e.g. mountain expedition, peak climbing long trek for adventure lovers.

People and Religion:

Hindu, Buddhist, Islam, Muslim, animism and others religion


Nepal is a land-locked country bordering with the Tibet Autonomous Region of the People’s Republic of China in the north and surrounded by India in the east, south and west.


Nepali is the official language of Nepal. However, educated people can speak English.


Nepal has four major seasons (1) Winter: December-February, (2) Spring: March-May, (3) Summer: June-August and (4) Autumn: September-November. Nepal can be visited all the year round.


Nepali Rupee notes come in Rs. 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 25, 50, 100, 500, 1000 denominations. Coins come in Rs. 1, 2, 5 and 10 denominations.
Area: 147,181Sq. Kms
Capital: Kathmandu
Latitude: 26* 12’ and 30* 27’ North
Longitude: 80* 4’ and 88* 12’ East
National Flower: Rhododendron-Arboreum (Lali Gurans)
National birds: Impeyan pheasant (Danfe)

Vegetation: Nepal possesses some of the most outstanding bio-diversity in the world ranging from sub tropical rain forest to Alpine deserts.

Weather: climate rages from tropical in low land to arctic in higher altitudes.

National park:

Shey-Phoksundo national park, Sagarmatha national Park, Rara national park, Chitwan National park, Makalu Barun National park, Langtang national park, Shivapuri national park, Bardia national park, Kanchenjunga national park.

World heritage sites:

Cultural – Kathmandu durbar square, Bhaktapur durbar square, Patan durbar square, Swayambhunath, Boudhanath, Pashupatinath, Changaunarayan, and Lumbini.

Natural world heritages site:

Natural – Royal chitwan National park and Sagarmatha national park

Conservation area: Annapurna conservation area, Manasalu conservation area

Wildlife reserve: Shukla phant wildlife reserve, Dhorpatan hunting reserve, Koshi tappu wildlife reserve, Parsa wildlife reserve

Popular Trek destination: Everest trekking region, Annapurna trekking region, Langtang trekking region

Restricted Trekking Area: Upper Mustang trek, Nar – Phu trek, Dolpo trek, Manaslu trek, Kanchanjunga trek

Highest mountains: Mt. Everest (8,848m), Kanchenjunga (8597m), Lhotse (8511m),Makalu (8481m), Dhaulagiri (8167m), Manaslu (8156m), cho Oyu (8125m), Annapurna I (8091m)

Adventure Holidays: Adventure Treks in Himalaya, Wildlife Safari, White Water Rafting, Mountain Expeditions, Peak Climbing,

Holiday Package Tours: World Heritage Tours, Cultural & Festival Tours, Glimpse of Nepal Package Tour, Adventure Nepal package Tour, Destination Nepal package Tour etc

Additional Trip: Mt. Everest Flight, Paragliding, Bungee jumping, Pony trek, Home Stay Village Tour, Mountain Bike Tour

Helicopter Tours: Mountain Heli Sightseeing, Everest Base Camp Heli Tour, Kyanjing Gompa, Heli Tour, Goshainkunda Heli Tour, Chitwan wildlife Heli Tour, Pokhara Heli Tour, Annapurna Base Camp Heli Tour, Muktinath Heli Tour, Upper Mustang Heli Tour, Dolpo Heli Tour

World Heritage Sites Tours: Lumbini Garden, Bhaktapur Durbar square, Patan Durbar square, Kathmandu Durbar square, Pasupatinath Temple, Bouddhanath Stupa, Syambhunath and Changu Narayan Temple.

Entry point: 
By Air: Tribhuvan international airport Kathmandu
By land: Kakarvitta, Birgunj, Sunauli, Nepalgunj, Dhangadi & Mahandranagar via India. And Kodari border (friendship bridge) via Tibet China.